What was the biggest earthquake in history?

EARTHQUAKES happen when there’s motion inside the earth’s crust or volcanic motion.

Whereas some earthquakes are gentle and trigger little injury, some are catastrophic.

Remains of Corral harbor after the 1960 Valdivia earthquake


Stays of Corral harbor after the 1960 Valdivia earthquakeCredit score: Getty

What was the most important earthquake in historical past?

Every year, there are literally thousands of earthquakes, however a number of the largest ones which have ever been recorded occurred through the Fifties and 2010s.

So far, the most important earthquake in historical past was the 1960 Valdivia earthquake, which lasted for roughly 10 minutes.

With a magnitude of 9.5, it’s estimated that round 2,000,000 individuals have been left homeless on account of the earthquake and the tsunamis that quickly adopted.

4 years later, the second largest earthquake occurred in Southern Alaska, which registered at a magnitude of 9.2.

How many individuals died within the 1960 Valdivia earthquake?

The prices of the damages have been estimated to be $550million, which might be greater than $4.8billion at the moment with inflation, in response to Nationwide Geographic.

Round 3,000 individuals have been injured within the occasion, and roughly 1,655 individuals misplaced their lives.

The tsunamis additionally affected coastal communities in New Zealand, Japan, Hawaii, and the Philippines.

Within the coastal city of Hilo, 61 individuals died on account of the tsunamis, Nationwide Geographic notes.

What causes an earthquake?

Earthquakes are attributable to a sudden slip on a fault, which is the skinny layer of crushed rock in between the earth’s crust.

“The tectonic plates are at all times slowly shifting, however they get caught at their edges resulting from friction,” in response to the US Geological Survey.

“When the stress on the sting overcomes the friction, there’s an earthquake that releases vitality in waves that journey by means of the earth’s crust and trigger the shaking that we really feel.”

The 1960 Valdivia earthquake had a magnitude of 9.5


The 1960 Valdivia earthquake had a magnitude of 9.5Credit score: AFP

If an earthquake happens instantly, it’s endorsed to drop onto your palms and knees and search shelter instantly to guard your head and neck.

It’s also really helpful to remain inside as a result of that’s the place you might be much less prone to get injured.

Extra details about earthquake security could be discovered right here.

Leave a Comment